This brief provides an update on trends in transparency, accountability, and participation (TPA) funding globally in the face of COVID-19, and presents implications for funders to consider as they make decisions in this uncertain environment.
Findings are based on a review of donor documents, grey literature, and 16 interviews with funders, experts, and networks, as well as analyses of donor data from three major sources: the Creditor Reporting System of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Donor Assistance Committee (OECD DAC), Candid and data reported to the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) standard.
Interviews were a critical source for recent trends due to time lags in data reporting and, in some cases, lack of clear reporting.
This brief is based on a longer report written as part of a landscape scan of the TPA field for the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation.
We encourage readers to view this alongside the landscape scan digital report, which includes more data and insights on global TPA trends and further insights on TPA funding here.